Biology is computation. It operates on the digital alphabet of biochemistry, which is quite a bit more complicated than binary, hex, or even Haskell. Watson and Crick deciphered the code that is DNA, a linear polymer written in base-4 as permutations of nucleic acids. It was not long thereafter that Watson then used this knowledge to unlock the secrets of proteins by understanding that triplets of these bases served as the code to direct the assembly of complex proteins. Understanding that biology at its core was a code, these 64 simple repeats were aptly named codons.
But what kind of code could explain the massive complexity of an entire cell, even the simplest of organisms? If we understand the source code, surely we can understand the program? Years of time and billions of dollars of capital were poured into reading and mapping the source code of nature.Read More